Create Your Own Experiment

In class we have been practicing using the scientific method. You will put this knowledge to the test. You need to come up with your own idea for a simple (and inexpensive) experiment. Make sure that this is something that you can do safely at home. Then you need to complete the lab and write up all the steps of a formal lab report. You may complete this with a partner. 

Before you begin the experiment...

Turn in a sheet of paper with your experiment idea and it must be signed by a parent or guardian.  This activity can be worth up to 7 Extra Credit test points!!!

Good Luck!

Lab Write Up Guidelines
click here for a printable, pdf version

Title

The title can be as catchy or serious as you want, as long as it tells what the lab will be about.

Question or Problem Statement

- This is sometimes given to you.This question explains the purpose of the lab.
The first word is “To”
The second word is an action verb such as observe, test, record, measure, which is followed by “the affect of”

Variables

Independent Variable (IV) - Is what the experimenter is changing on purpose.
- Starts with “The independent variable, which will be changed and tested is…”
Dependent Variable (DV) - Is something that can be measured in numbers (unless teacher tells you otherwise).
Starts with “The dependent variable, which will be measured is…”

Control Group

- This is what everything else is being compared to.
- Starts with “The control is…”

Hypothesis

- The hypothesis is a prediction of what you think will happen based on what you already know.
- Starts with “If the (DV) is related to the (IV), then (prediction) .”

Materials

- Make a bulleted list of all the materials. Include the quantities.

Procedure

Make a numbered list of what is to be done in the experiment.
The steps should begin with action verbs (pour, measure, write, etc).
Make sure to include repeat trials.
Draw a diagram of the set up of the experiment.

Data Table/Observations

- Create a data table to display the results of the trials
- Include appropriate headings, units, and a title.
- The title should follow the format “The effect of (IV) on the (DV)”

Graph

- Choose an appropriate graph based on the type of data gathered- Include a title that matches the data table, labels for the x and y-axis, and all the units.

Results (paragraph form)

- Must have an introduction and a conclusion.
- Explain what happened.
- Summarize the data table (be specific).

Sources of Error

- Describe 3-5 human errors, environmental factors, or problems with materials that may have affected the results. Write as a sentence.

Conclusion (paragraph form)

1st sentence – state the purpose of the lab
2nd sentence – restate the hypothesis-
3rd sentence – state whether your hypothesis was correct or not
4th sentence – summarize the results of the data table -
5th sentence – explain how this lab helps you understand the world around you 

 


NASA Daily Image

NASA Image Of The Day
Fifteen Years of NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory
This Chandra X-ray Observatory image of the Hydra A galaxy cluster was taken on Oct. 30, 1999, with the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) in an observation that lasted about six hours. Hydra A is a galaxy cluster that is 840 million light years from Earth. The cluster gets its name from the strong radio source, Hydra A, that originates in a galaxy near the center of the cluster. Optical observations show a few hundred galaxies in the cluster. Chandra X-ray observations reveal a large cloud of hot gas that extends throughout the cluster. The gas cloud is several million light years across and has a temperature of about 40 million degrees in the outer parts decreasing to about 35 million degrees in the inner region. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory was launched into space fifteen years ago aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. Since its deployment on July 23, 1999, Chandra has helped revolutionize our understanding of the universe through its unrivaled X-ray vision. Chandra, one of NASA's current "Great Observatories," along with the Hubble Space Telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope, is specially designed to detect X-ray emission from hot and energetic regions of the universe. Image Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO...
30 Oct 2014